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Prednisone and Prednisolone for Dogs and Cats | petMD | petMD
You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. When your pet has a medical condition, your veterinarian might prescribe one or more medications intended to manage, treat or cure the problem. Although there are some veterinary-specific drugs, many of the drugs used in veterinary medicine are the same as those used in people.
The list below contains the most commonly used types of medications in dogs and cats, but is by no means a complete list of all of the types of medications used in veterinary medicine. Examples in dogs and cats include penicillin, trimethoprim-sulfa, cephalexin and enrofloxacin. Examples include carprofen, deracoxib, firocoxib, and meloxicam.
Examples include oxycodone, hydromorphone, butorphanol, meperidine and fentanyl. Most of these drugs are controlled substances because of their addictive potential.
They can be potent anti-inflammatories and are frequently used to reduce allergic and anaphylactic reactions. They are also used at high doses to suppress the immune system. Examples include prednisone, prednisolone and dexamethasone. Behavior-modifying drugs and sedatives: Examples include diazepam, xylazine, acepromazine and midazolam. Hormones and other medications used to treat specific conditions: Examples include insulin used for diabetes treatment, methimazole or levothyroxine for abnormal thyroid hormone levels, and heart medications such as atenolol, digoxin, and pimobendan.
Examples include cisplatin, vincristine, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide. Drugs act in very different ways, and sometimes these different mechanisms can result in one drug interfering with another drug in some way. Always tell your veterinarian the medications, including any over-the-counter medications and supplements including vitamins and any holistic or homeopathic products , that you are giving your pet. Write down how often, how much, and how you give them and share this list with your veterinarian.
In general, medication choices involve weighing the advantages of the medication stopping infection, reducing pain, etc. These preventive measures vary with the medication but can include keeping the drug dose and frequency as low as possible but still effective ; giving the drug for the shortest time needed; and giving the medication on a full or empty stomach. Weighing the advantages and risks is an important process your veterinarian does, in part because the very mechanisms that make drugs effective for treating conditions can also cause unwanted effects.
For example, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs reduce the production of prostaglandins, many of which increase inflammation, pain and swelling. In addition, long-term use of NSAIDs can negatively affect prostaglandins in the kidneys, resulting in changes in blood flow within the kidney that can lead to kidney damage.
This may include blood tests, urine tests, or other tests as determined by your veterinarian, and these tests may be required before your veterinarian will provide a refill or refill prescription. This is particularly important with drugs like insulin and thyroid medications, where over- or underdosing can be life-threatening. A more common example is heartworm medication — your pet should be regularly checked for heartworm infection because giving the preventive to a heartworm-positive pet will not treat the infection and could cause a harmful adverse reaction.
Also, local, state and federal laws may require regular rechecks before refills are authorized. Externs on the Hill National Pet Week.