Barry Bonds and Baseball's Steroids ScandalBaseball has long been considered the quintessential American pastime. The nostalgia, tradition anavar 10 co to jest reverence for the game are just some of the many reasons why there's such an upset over steroids in baseball newspaper articles use of "performance-enhancing" drugs in baseball. Most of us consider the use of steroids or dteroids performance-enhancing drugs to be, well, cheating, and nothing is as "un-American" as steroids in baseball newspaper articles. Back inplayers were using a testosterone supplement derived from animal testicles for better performance on the field. Although it is impossible to know exactly what percentage of major league players actually have used steroids or other performance-enhancing substances over the years, numerous well-known and obscure players have come forward newwpaper suggest that use of these drugs has long been rampant in the game.
Articles about Steroids - latimes
In the spring of , as Barry Bonds was blasting balls out of ballparks in his steamrolling drive to overtake Mark McGwire's home-run record, he was peppered with questions from the press about his newfound power. Bonds, the San Francisco Giants slugger, declared.
I can't tell you why. I can't understand it, either. Performance-enhancing drugs, not divine inspiration or intensified weight training, were behind Mr. They are the investigative reporters for The San Francisco Chronicle who broke article after article in about a nutritional supplement company called Balco Bay Area Laboratory Cooperative and its distribution of performance-enhancing drugs to some of the biggest names in sports.
Their articles helped galvanize the national debate about steroids and contributed to the push for Congressional hearings about baseball's drug problems and stepped-up efforts to purge the United States Olympic team of drug cheats.
Bonds, Jason Giambi, Gary Sheffield and the track star Tim Montgomery; confidential memorandums detailing federal agents' interviews with some of the principal players in the case; and unredacted versions of affidavits filed by the Balco investigators. When an excerpt from the book dealing with Mr. Bonds appeared in Sports Illustrated two weeks ago, it created a furor, renewing the outrage over steroid use in baseball that had flared a year ago after the publication of Jose Canseco's sensational book, "Juiced.
Bonds, who holds the single season home-run record 73 and who, with a career home-run total of , is closing in on the sacred numbers of Babe Ruth and Hank Aaron Although "Game of Shadows" reprises much of the information contained in the authors' San Francisco Chronicle articles and raises many of the same issues that Howard Bryant's impressive book, "Juicing the Game," did, it remains necessary reading for anyone concerned with the steroids era in baseball and track and field and its fallout on sports history.
Drawing upon coded doping calendars kept by Victor Conte Jr. Bonds's trainer, the book gives the reader minutely detailed accounts of the drug regimens supposedly followed by athletes intent on beating the system, be it stringent Olympic tests or the far laxer rules of Major League Baseball which began testing for steroids only in It traces the efforts of the United States Anti-Doping Agency to enforce Olympic anti-doping rules while examining the relationship of elite track-and-field athletes like the gold medalist Marion Jones with Balco.
And it provides colorful portraits of Mr. Conte, a fast-talking, self-promoting former musician who reinvented himself as a steroids dealer, and the big-time athletes who bought his cynical proposition: Bonds who has testified that he did not know what he was taking at the time turned to steroids after watching Mr. McGwire shatter Roger Maris's home-run record in Bonds "had been around enough gyms to recognize that McGwire was a juicer.
With the help of Mr. Conte, the authors contend, Mr. Bonds would go on to ingest an astonishing array of substances over the years, including Winstrol, Deca-Durabolin, human growth hormone, insulin, testosterone decanoate, trenbolone "a steroid created to improve the muscle quality of beef cattle" , Clomid usually prescribed to women for infertility and "two undetectable steroids" known as The Clear and The Cream.
In short order, Mr. Bonds transformed his physique: View all New York Times newsletters. The stats themselves were surreal. Fainaru-Wada write, "from , Bonds hit. He hit one home run every 16 at-bats. But in the six seasons after he began using performance-enhancing drugs -- that is, from to , between the ages of 34 and 40 -- Bonds's batting line averaged.
That represented 17 additional home runs and 12 additional RBI per year. He would hit a home run every 8. At the time, much of the baseball world wanted to ignore rumors about Mr. Bonds's steroid use, just as it had tried to ignore questions about Mark McGuire and Sammy Sosa's gaudy home-run tear in After the strike, a power surge in the game helped reignite fan interest -- "chicks dig the long ball," in the words of an old Nike commercial -- and many reasons besides rising steroid use were advanced for the home-run boom: In the case of Mr.
Bonds, the Giants had a pricey new stadium to fill and had grown used to coddling their moody, often belligerent superstar. The team put up with his outbursts against the press and rudeness toward fans, and even though Mr.
Williams say the club knew that Mr. Anderson "was rumored to be a dealer" of steroids, it "decided it didn't want to alienate Bonds on this issue," and so allowed the trainer continued access to the clubhouse. Even in the wake of the Balco scandal, with Mr. Bonds coming under growing scrutiny, the authors write, "the Giants professed not to understand the hostility nor why anyone thought Bonds had used banned drugs" since he had "never tested dirty for steroids.
Denial and the hope that the steroids problem would just go away were not confined to Mr. Fainaru-Wada suggest that the plea deal in the Balco case reflected a desire by the government to limit the case's impact: Anderson received light sentences and averted a trial that might have required elite athletes to testify in public about drugs they had received.
And the authors point out that the tougher drug policy announced last fall by Major League Baseball not only contains loopholes, but also had been adopted under heavy pressure from Congress and news coverage of the Balco case. Selig "really had been interested in coming to grips with the problem," they ask, why didn't he "ask the government to present him with the thousands of pages of evidence that linked Bonds and other superstars to drug use? Selig listen to a "recording of Greg Anderson admitting he helped Bonds cheat" and then "order Bonds to stay away from him?
The problem, of course, goes far beyond Barry Bonds; as Howard Bryant has observed, it means addressing at least a decade of performance-enhancing drug use and a culture that enabled it. And then there is the effect of the steroids era on baseball statistics -- those austere measuring rods of history in a sport that prides itself more than any other on tradition.
Williams compare the steroids scandal to the Black Sox scandal of which was supposedly exorcised last year when the Chicago White Sox won the World Series , and they write that "to finally put the steroid era behind it," the game must "confront the issue of tainted records. Instead, they report, plans are being made in San Francisco for the day in when Mr. Bonds seems destined to pass Babe Ruth's home-run total. Tell us what you think. Please upgrade your browser. Newsletter Sign Up Continue reading the main story Please verify you're not a robot by clicking the box.
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