Steroids and Other Appearance and Performance Enhancing Drugs (APEDs)Anabolic steroids are synthetic variations of the male sex hormone testosterone. The proper term for these compounds is anabolic-androgenic steroids. Some common names for anabolic steroids are Gear, Juice, Roids, and Stackers. Health care providers can prescribe steroids to treat hormonal issues, such as delayed puberty. Steroids can also treat diseases that cause muscle loss, such as anabolc and AIDS. But some athletes and bodybuilders abuse these drugs to ansbolic performance or improve their physical appearance.
Anabolic Steroids: MedlinePlus
The vast majority of people who misuse steroids are male non-athlete weightlifters in their 20s or 30s. Males who are more likely to use steroids tend to have poor self-esteem, higher rates of depression, more suicide attempts, poor knowledge and attitudes about health, greater participation in sports emphasizing weight and shape, greater parental concern about weight, and higher rates of eating disorders and substance use.
Some people who misuse steroids have experienced physical or sexual abuse. In a study of male users and male nonusers of anabolic steroids, users were significantly more likely than nonusers to report being sexually abused in the past.
Moreover, almost all females who had been raped reported that they markedly increased their bodybuilding activities after the attack. They believed that being bigger and stronger would discourage further attacks because men would find them either intimidating or unattractive. It is difficult to estimate the true prevalence of steroid misuse in the United States because many surveys that ask about illicit drug use do not include questions about steroids.
However, the annual Monitoring the Future study, a NIDA-funded survey of drug use and attitudes in middle and high school students across the United States, shows that past-year use of steroids has generally declined among 8th and 10th graders, after peaking in Past-year steroid use among 12th graders increased from to , although use significantly declined from to The rate of use among 12th graders holds relatively steady.
National Institute on Drug Abuse website. This series of reports simplifies the science of research findings for the educated lay public, legislators, educational groups, and practitioners.
The series reports on research findings of national interest. Skip to main content. Who uses anabolic steroids? What is the history of anabolic steroid use? Why are anabolic steroids misused? How are anabolic steroids used? What are the side effects of anabolic steroid misuse?
How does anabolic steroid misuse affect behavior? What are the risks of anabolic steroid use in teens? How do anabolic steroids work in the brain? Are anabolic steroids addictive? How are anabolic steroids tested in athletes? What can be done to prevent steroid misuse? What treatments are effective for anabolic steroid misuse? Where can I get further information about steroids? Ordering Publications Call or: Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction.
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