Chronic use of some drugs can lead to both short- and long-term changes in the brain, which can lead to mental health issues including. Addiction is frequently intertwined with other mental health issues, but this relationship doesn't always have a clear. Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to.
of Psychological Addiction Effects
These are short-term because they pass as the drug leaves your system. Drugs can have a longer-lasting impact on your mental health too, and you need to think seriously about your own strengths and vulnerabilities.
Even if you start using drugs with a clear mind they may still affect your mental health. Drugs can simply expose bad feelings you never knew you had. Unwanted effects may stay with you because you have a pre-existing mental health condition you were not aware of. Or you may get the dose very wrong and permanently disrupt a chemical balance in your brain. All psychoactive drugs may cause mental health problems while you are taking them and as you clear the drug from your body.
These can include anxiety, mood swings, depression, sleep problems and psychosis see below. You may have panic attacks — periods of very severe anxiety when your heart rate increases, with trembling, sweats, shortness of breath, and a fear of losing control.
You may also feel like your surroundings are strange and unreal, or that you are losing your personal identity and sense of reality. You may have times when you feel depressed — sad, restless, irritable, tired, loss of pleasure, or manic — elevated mood, delusions, impulsive behaviour, racing thoughts.
This is called mood disorder and may be caused by drugs such as cocaine, amphetamines, heroin and methadone, to name a few. Psychoactive drugs may cause you ongoing mental health problems. It is not clear why this happens to some people and not others. Here are some of the ways that different drugs can affect your mental health:.
Ecstasy is an amphetamine that causes hallucinations. It works by making serotonin more available and gives you a sense of euphoria when you take it.
Serotonin is a chemical naturally found in your brain which regulates your mood. Ecstasy causes your brain to release a much higher amount of serotonin than usual. Over time your natural stores of serotonin may drop so much that you may never have the same levels as you had before you started using drugs.
If lots of serotonin means euphoria than lack of serotonin means depression. You may experience short-term depression in the days after you use ecstasy but we need more research about the long term effects. Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness which may cause you to hear voices in your head and believe that other people are trying to control or harm you.
Research shows a link between cannabis and people with schizophrenia. It is possible that if you have a pre-existing risk which you may not be aware of, there is a higher chance that using cannabis will trigger an episode of schizophrenia.
These risks are also greater in younger people who use cannabis and those that smoke it more regularly. Using cannabis as a teenager may be a risk to many aspects of your mental health. THC is very similar to endocannabinoids which are naturally found in your brain.
These regulate other chemicals that control many aspects of your brain function and behaviour. Because THC is so similar, it can mimic the effects of these natural compounds and take over these aspects of your brain function. A dual diagnosis is when you have two separate conditions — a mental health problem and a drug addiction. This means that health services need to work together to best provide care.
Though the occasional drink can enhance special occasions, heavy drinking places individuals at risk for an array of physical and mental health issues. In this entry, we will focus on some common psychological effects of alcohol abuse and addiction. Excess alcohol intake negatively impacts learning and memory function. Alcoholics commonly experience diffuse brain damage in a variety of areas at once. According to studies, the prefrontal cortex is particularly susceptible to the effects of alcohol and substance abuse, as it is connected to each and every lobe of the brain.
Depression and alcoholism often go hand-in-hand. Drinking to excess is often associated with a variety of negative emotional states, including depression.
However, the debate as to whether drinking causes depression or vice versa rages on. In order to achieve and maintain a healthy, happy and long-lasting period of abstinence, many recovery specialists recommend using the 12 step program in outpatient therapy.
These organization have long benefited recovering addicts, serving as both a forum and support for those in need.
Drugs and mental health
This topic center provides information on the signs, symptoms, and effects of addiction. Drug addiction exacts an emotional toll on sufferers and their family members. Addiction grows in a bed of pre-existing emotional turmoil, and the feelings of. Drug abuse and addiction often occur alongside mental illness. This can be explained by the.