Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a chemical compound in marijuana with a variety of uses . Here are 7 benefits of CBD oil. OTHER NAME(S). 2-[(1R,6R)Methylpropenylcyclohexenyl] pentylbenzene-1 ,3-diol, CBD. . Show More · Read Reviews (47). This is the potential use for CBD with the most evidence after usefulness in epilepsy, but "there's a decent gap between those two," he said.
uses cannabidiol oil
Compared to other methods, taking CBD oil orally may take longer to kick in and last for an extended period of time. Oral ingestion of CBD oil is recommended for those seeking relief from anxiety, stress, and insomnia, and for those hoping to promote restful sleep. In addition to being taken orally, CBD tinctures can be taken sublingually.
Instead of mixing the oil into food or dropping it into your mouth, you can take a CBD tincture sublingually by dropping the oil beneath your tongue. Administering CBD oil sublingually is a quicker way to activate its effects. When taken sublingually, CBD oil is absorbed through the blood vessels beneath the tongue, bypassing the digestive system and transferring directly to the bloodstream.
While oral ingestion of CBD oil can take up to 30 minutes to two hours to take full effect, sublingual administration of CBD oil can provide relief in as little as five to 20 minutes. Sublingual CBD may be ideal for pain, migraines, and acute stress. The final option for taking cannabidiol, vaporized consumption, involves CBD vape oils. With vaporized consumption, you typically use a vape pen or vaporizer device to inhale CBD vape oil directly into your lungs.
When you vape CBD oil, you send the cannabidiol directly to your lungs where it is distributed through your bloodstream. This fast-absorbing , potent method is often preferred by those experiencing panic attacks or in need of powerful, instant pain relief. CBD oils are available in health food stores, pet shops, and online for delivery to destinations across the U. However, the laws surrounding CBD usage in the U.
Industrial hemp is defined as a part of the cannabis plant containing less than 0. Effectively, the bill legalized CBD oil derived from industrial hemp on a national scale. Note that CBD oil derived from marijuana plants is still illegal under federal law. On a local level, however, laws surrounding hemp — and marijuana-based CBD oil — may vary from state to state.
Meanwhile, a total of 31 states, plus the District of Columbia, Guam, and Puerto Rico, have legalized marijuana and cannabis for public medical use.
Beyond those states, there are 15 states that restrict access to CBD products derived from industrial hemp with less than 0. Currently, there are four states where lack of legal concessions regarding CBD and low-THC products make legality unclear: Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, and South Dakota. Refer to the infographic below to learn more about CBD and marijuana laws in your specific state. Touted for a variety of health benefits, CBD is flooding the marketplace in the form of topicals, edibles, tinctures, and vape oils.
For those seeking to promote restful sleep or relieve insomnia, consuming cannabidiol edibles or mixing tinctures into food or beverages is recommended. For more information on cannabinoids and sleep, check out the resources below. What is CBD Oil? Full spectrum or whole plant CBD. This could include trace amounts 0. Some studies have shown that full spectrum CBD may be more efficient due to its synergistic reactions with the terpenes and minor phytocannabinoids present.
CBD Benefits and Uses. After avoiding cannabinoids for fear of unwanted psychoactive effects, some scientists are becoming increasingly interested in the non-psychoactive CBD oil as a potential anti-cancer drug. Recent research has found that CBD oil and cannabinoids can hinder the spread of cancer and induce the death of cancer cells. A growing body of evidence suggests CBD can help treat heart disease and strengthen the cardiovascular system by protecting against inflammation and other damage.
Irritable bowel syndrome IBS. Studies have named cannabidiol as an effective treatment for IBS because of its ability to control the neuroimmune system, a network of structures connecting the gut microbes, immune system, and central nervous system.
Continuing research is focused on the best ratio of CBD to THC and the most effective dose level in cancer prevention and treatment. Cannabinoids are neuroprotective, meaning that they help maintain and regulate brain health. The effects appear to be related to several actions they have on the brain, including the removal of damaged cells and the improved efficiency of mitochondria. Extra glutamate, which stimulates nerve cells in the brain to fire, causes cells to become over-stimulated, ultimately leading to cell damage or death.
Thus, cannabinoids help protect brain cells from damage, keeping the organ healthy and functioning properly. CBD has also been shown to have an anti-inflammatory effect on the brain. As the brain ages, the creation of new neurons slows down significantly. In order to maintain brain health and prevent degenerative diseases, new cells need to be continuously created.
A study showed that low doses of CBD- and THC-like cannabinoids encouraged the creation of new nerve cells in animal models, even in aging brains. Cannabinoids are facilitative of the process of bone metabolism—the cycle in which old bone material is replaced by new at a rate of about 10 percent per year, crucial to maintaining strong, healthy bones over time. CBD in particular has been shown to block an enzyme that destroys bone-building compounds in the body, reducing the risk of age-related bone diseases like osteoporosis and osteoarthritis.
In both of those diseases, the body is no longer creating new bone and cartilage cells. CBD helps spur the process of new bone-cell formation, which is why it has been found to speed the healing of broken bones and, due to a stronger fracture callus, decrease the likelihood of re-fracturing the bone bones are 35—50 percent stronger than those of non-treated subjects. Protects and Heals the Skin The skin has the highest amount and concentration of CB2 receptors in the body.
When applied topically as an infused lotion, serum, oil, or salve, the antioxidant a more powerful antioxidant than vitamins E and C  in CBD oil has many benefits and can repair damage from free radicals like UV rays and environmental pollutants. Cannabinoid receptors can be found in the skin and seem to be connected to the regulation of oil production in the sebaceous glands.
In fact, historical documents show that cannabis preparations have been used for wound healing in both animals and people in a range of cultures spanning the globe and going back thousands of years.
The use of concentrated cannabis and CBD oils to benefit and treat skin cancer is gaining popularity with a number of well-documented cases of people curing both melanoma and carcinoma-type skin cancers with the topical application of CBD and THC products.
Best known is the case of Rick Simpson, who cured his basal cell carcinoma with cannabis oil and now has a widely distributed line of products. Cannabis applied topically is not psychoactive. Cannabinoids have been proven to have an anti-inflammatory effect in numerous studies.
CBD engages with the endocannabinoid system in many organs throughout the body, helping to reduce inflammation systemically. The therapeutic potential is impressively wide-ranging, as inflammation is involved in a broad spectrum of diseases. The oral use of cannabis and CBD for anxiety appears in a Vedic text dated around BCE, and it is one of the most common uses of the plant across various cultures.
While THC can increase anxiety in some patients, it lowers it in others. However, CBD effects have been shown to consistently reduce anxiety when present in higher concentrations in the cannabis plant. On its own, CBD has been shown in a number of animal and human studies to lessen anxiety. The stress-reducing effect appears to be related to activity in both the limbic and paralimbic brain areas.
A research review assessed a number of international studies and concluded that CBD has been shown to reduce anxiety , and in particular social anxiety, in multiple studies and called for more clinical trials. It is suggested that patients work with a health care practitioner experienced in recommending cannabidiol or medicinal cannabis so that dosage and delivery methods can be developed and fine-tuned on an individual basis.
At the same time, educated and aware patients can be their own highly informed health consultants. For anxiety, CBD products with a ratio of High-CBD cannabinoids can be very effective in reducing chronic anxiety, treating temporary stress, and protecting the body from the physiological effects of both.
Varieties high in linalool, a terpene shared with lavender, are known to be effective for relieving anxiety. Always start with the micro dose to test sensitivity and go up as needed within the dosing range, before going to the next, until symptoms subside. The micro to standard dose is usually recommended to treat stress and anxiety with CBD.
For relief of immediate symptoms, as in a panic or anxiety attack, vaporizing or smoking work well. The medication lasts one to three hours, whereas most ingested products, including CBD oil, take thirty to sixty minutes before taking effect and last six to eight hours. Herbal vaporizers that use the whole plant are also an effective delivery method. Sublingual sprays or tinctures taken as liquid drops take effect quickly and last longer than inhaled products. The Cannabis Health Index CHI is an evidence-based scoring system for cannabis in general, not just CBD oil effects and its effectiveness on various health issues based on currently available research data.
Using this rubric and based on eleven studies, cannabis rated in the possible-to-probable range of efficacy for treatment of anxiety. Elixinol Organic High Potency CBD Capsules Elixinol offers a highly concentrated, high-potency, organic whole-hemp plant CBD oil , which is naturally extracted with carbon dioxide and free of all synthetics and chemicals.
Whole-hemp plant extracts contain synergistic compounds that are believed to enhance the effectiveness and benefits of CBD. Clinical depression is a serious mood disorder characterized by persistent sadness and loss of interest, sometimes leading to decreased appetite and energy and suicidal thoughts.
Commonly used pharmaceuticals for depression often target serotonin, a chemical messenger that is believed to act as a mood stabilizer.
The neural network of the endocannabinoid system works similarly to the way that serotonin, dopamine, and other systems do, and, according to some research, cannabinoids have an effect on serotonin levels. Whereas a low dose of THC increases serotonin, high doses cause a decrease that could worsen the condition.
CBD products with a ratio of Specifically, products made with Valentine X or Electra 4 are more energizing, helping relieve depression. When low energy is an issue, sativa or other stimulating strains can be helpful for improving energy and focus when THC can be tolerated.
Varieties that are high in the terpene limonene are recommended for mood elevation. Always start with the micro dose to test sensitivity and go up as needed within the dosing range before going to the next, until symptoms subside.
The micro to standard dose is usually recommended to treat depression. Vaporized or smoked cannabis is recommended for relief of immediate symptoms, or a boost in dosage, and it can also be useful for sleep issues.
The CBD helps to mediate the release of cytokines from the immune cells in a manner that helps to reduce inflammation and pain. Other mechanisms of action of CBD include stimulation of vanilloid pain receptors, such as the transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 TRPV-1 receptor, which are known to mediate pain perception, inflammation, and body temperature. Since the s, a considerable number of published articles have addressed the chemistry, biochemistry, pharmacology, and clinical effects of CBD.
Although studies have demonstrated the calming, anti-inflammatory, and relaxing effects of CBD, clinical data demonstrating the use of CBD to obtain help in marijuana withdrawal is minimal. One prior case study by Crippa et al 16 documented the positive effects of using CBD for the treatment of marijuana withdrawal. The current case study offers further evidence that CBD is effective as a safe method of transitioning off marijuana without unwanted side effects.
The patient was a year-old male who presented with a long-standing diagnosis of bipolar disorder and a daily addiction to marijuana. His presenting concerns included erratic behaviors, anxiety, inconsistent sleep patterns, and irritability. He currently lives with his parents, works as a self-employed driver, and teaches chess to children. Informed consent was received from the patient. Evaluations included 1 a basic, complete blood count; 2 a nutritional evaluation; 3 a comprehensive metabolic panel; 4 a lipid panel; 5 a measurement of methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase MTHFR ; 6 a celiac panel; 7 a measurement of thyroid function; 8 a measurement of iron levels; and 9 a quantitative electroencephalogram qEEG.
Dietary recommendations were then implemented as was a regimen of nutritional supplements. The patient also received neurofeedback sessions and bodywork. Prior to the period of the case study, he had been stable for a number of years. In May , it was recommended that he begin taking CBD as a way of transitioning off the daily marijuana use and stabilizing his erratic moods. The dosage was gradually decreased from 24 to 18 mg, with the patient using no sprays during the day and 6 sprays at bedtime.
CannaVest Company Las Vegas. NV, USA , which had no involvement in the case study or distribution of the product, provided the CBD oil that was administered to the patient.
The PSQI is a standardized and validated self-report instrument that measures sleep quality over the prior month. Low scores indicate better sleep. A score under 5 means that you have no sleep concerns. The HAM-A scale is a standardized and validated measure of anxiety in an adult population that has been in active use for decades. A score of 17 or less indicates mild anxiety in terms of severity. A score from 18 to 24 demonstrates mild to moderate anxiety severity. Last, a score of 25 to 30 indicates moderate to severe anxiety.
Using the CBD oil, the patient was able to maintain nonuse of marijuana. With a subsequent, gradual decrease in anxiety, the patient was able to maintain a regular sleeping schedule Table 2. He was able to get a more secure job as a self-employed driver, and he continued to teach chess to children.
He also became more interactive with his family and friends. The current case study found that CBD oil can be an effective compound to use for transitioning an individual off addictive use of marijuana. However, the patient made significant gains in taking responsible actions and presented fewer erratic and disorganized behaviors.
A systematic review of the literature previously had examined 14 studies on the use of CBD oil to modulate various neuronal circuits involved in drug addiction. One reported consequence of the cessation of daily marijuana use is a withdrawal syndrome that is characterized by irritability, anxiety, marijuana craving, decreased quality and quantity of sleep, and reduced food intake. The patient reported being less anxious and sleeping better since taking the CBD oil. He reported not using any marijuana since starting the CBD and was proud of his accomplishment of getting a job as a self-employed driver and continuing with teaching chess to children.
The author participated in no competing interests that would have affected the results of the case study. No financial support was provided by CannaVest at any time. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Integr Med Encinitas v.
CBD Oil Dosage: General Tips to Assess How Much CBD to Take
Cannabidiol comes from the cannabis plant, and has a wealth of health benefits. As more and more states legalize the use of marijuana, a product known as CBD oil has surged in popularity. A chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. Scientists studying the health benefits of CBD have found it is a promising natural treatment for many conditions such as anxiety, pain, depression and more.