Due to almost a century of misinformation about Cannabis, the distinction between Cannabis and its two primary species — hemp and. Short Answer: No, they are just both part of the Cannabis family. Hemp is completely different from marijuana in its function, cultivation and application. But these. Although hemp (Cannabis Sativa) and marijuana (Cannabis Indica) are two varieties of the cannabis plant, they've developed a hell of a rivalry.
Marijuana, Cannabis Hemp,
Hemp is completely different from marijuana in its function, cultivation and application. Even after 45 years, the government still seems to have some confusion in distinguishing the two plants. Although legislation is being made, progress has been slow. In its application, hemp and marijuana serve completely different purposes. Marijuana, as it is widely known, is used for medicinal or recreational purposes. These include healthy dietary supplements, skin products, clothing, and accessories.
Overall, hemp is known to have over 25, possible applications. Hemp and marijuana can be differentiated by looking at its appearance, makeup, and natural adaptability. Marijuana and hemp have noticeable and contrasting differences. Marijuana looks contrastingly different from hemp. Few branches or leaves exist below the top part of the plant.
When you observe the plants from afar, marijuana looks like a short fat bush. Hemp is typically skinnier and taller up to 20 ft. At times, it almost looks like long ditchweed — hemp was actually found to grow among weeds in Nebraska.
The main difference between the two is in its chemical composition, specifically in tetrahydrocannabinol THC. Hemp, on the other hand, has a max THC level of 0. This threshold is heavily regulated in other countries that have legalized hemp. The environment in which hemp and marijuana are grown is strikingly different. Hemp is grown closely together as close as 4 inches apart and are typically grown in large multi-acre plots.
It can also grow in variety of climates and its growth cycle is days. Unlike hemp, marijuana requires a carefully controlled, warm, and humid atmostphere for proper growth.
Its growth cycle only days. This move allowed for cultivation and distribution of hemp as a legal agricultural product.
Under the Hemp Farming Act, hemp cultivation is no longer limited to state departments and universities. In addition, the act allows hemp farmers rights to water, crop insurance, and federal agricultural grants, as well as legal access to national banking. Hemp may also be transported across state lines. Prior to the Hemp Farming Act of , 41 states had passed industrial hemp-related legislation. The Hemp Farming Act now requires state departments of agriculture to consult with their governors and chief law enforcement officers on a hemp regulatory program, which will then be submitted to the United States Secretary of Agriculture for approval.
According to Section B of the bill, state hemp regulatory programs must include a system to maintain information on all land on which hemp is cultivated, procedures for testing THC levels in hemp, and procedures for disposing of products that violate THC content restrictions.
Hemp has been cultivated on a global scale for thousands of years. The oldest documented evidence of hemp cultivation is a hemp rope, which dates back to 26, BCE, found in the Czech Republic. Some of the earliest known prolific uses of hemp began in China about 10, BCE, where hemp was used to make clothing, rope, and paper. The Yangshao people, who lived in China from roughly BCE, wove hemp and pressed it into their pottery for decorative purposes. From about to BCE, hemp was also grown in Japan for fiber and paper.
Cannabis played a large role in the Greco-Roman cultures as a source of both fiber, an intoxicant, and a medicine. Cannabis seeds were discovered in the ruins of Pompeii, and Greek rhetorician Athenaeus made note of hemp being used to make rope between and CE. Roman author and naturalist Pliny the Elder also made reference to a cannabis root decoction as a treatment for joint stiffness and gout in the first 1st century BCE.
Exactly how and when hemp originated in the New World is still highly debated. Hemp products from pre-Columbian native civilizations were also found in Virginia. Vikings, who depended on hemp for making rope and sails, may also have brought hemp seeds with them when they attempted to colonize the New World. Hemp was a prominent crop in the United States until , when the Marihuana Tax Act virtually obliterated the American hemp industry.
The World War II hemp resurgence was short-lived, though. Until the passing of the Farm Bill, the Controlled Substances Act of kept industrial hemp production dormant.
How Are Hemp Varieties Chosen? Stem quality Cannabinoid content Resistance to disease Time to harvest Hemp oil content Seed production per acre CBD production, in particular, has become a major factor in recent years. How is Hemp Used as a Food Product? How is Hemp Processed? Hemp Seeds Hemp seeds can be consumed whole, or refined by being pressed or crushed to produce hempseed oil and hemp flour.
Hemp Stalks Hemp stalks are processed through decorticating, a multistep method for removing the long fibers from the rest of the plant. Retting Hemp stalks have tough cellular tissue that makes up their surface and must be dissolved through a process called retting.
Cutting the hemp plants and laying them on the field for four 4 to six 6 weeks, turning periodically. The retted stalks are then dried. The stalks are immediately dried after harvesting, then placed into water for a few days. The water is used to soften the outer layer of the stalks and to help promote the growth of additional bacteria which helps accelerate the process. Using acids, bases, and special enzymes to break down the compounds that hold together the strong bast fibers.
Decorticating The decorticating process typically involves three stages: Passing the stalks through a series of rollers to break apart the hemp fibers. During this step, the woody core is pushed out and separated from the pliable fibers. This is another step where proper drying comes into play. If the stalks are too dry, they will be crushed into a powder. Combing the short and intermediate fibers out of the stalk. Individually twisting the fibers into yarn.
Baling and Storing Hemp stalk is baled for transportation and long-term storage using traditional farming balers. How is Hemp Cultivated Differently than Marijuana? Is Hemp Cultivation Legal in the U. Federal Action The Agricultural Act , more commonly known as the Farm Bill, signed by Democratic President Barack Obama, includes section , which allows for universities and state departments of agriculture to cultivate industrial hemp, as long as it is cultivated for the purpose of research.
State Laws Prior to the Hemp Farming Act of , 41 states had passed industrial hemp-related legislation. World History of Hemp Hemp has been cultivated on a global scale for thousands of years. The Difference Between Indica and Sativa. What would you like to learn about? Products and How to Consume.
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Hemp vs. Marijuana
Although hemp and marijuana are both varieties of cannabis, there is a difference between them. The differences between these cannabis varieties are primarily. The debate of hemp vs marijuana is fueled by the confusion and misinformation that surround the cannabis plant. In this article, we will dispel several myths and. Hemp, or industrial hemp typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a variety of the For recreational or medicinal marijuana, see Cannabis (drug). For other Although cannabis as a drug and industrial hemp both derive from the species .