Due to almost a century of misinformation about Cannabis, the distinction between Cannabis and its two primary species — hemp and. CBD can actually lessen or neutralize the psychoactive effects of THC, . Many hemp-derived CBD oil products are mislabeled as to cannabidiol and THC. Some patients believe CBD has the most medicinal benefit of all the cannabis compounds. But most of them do not realize that there are.
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Cannabis is going mainstream. People are curious about the compounds called cannabinoids found in this plant—which has been used for its medicinal purposes for centuries—and how they might benefit their health , especially when it comes to reducing the use of prescription drugs and over-the-counter medications.
Despite its growing fame and recognition, there's still a lot of misinformation about cannabis, hemp, CBD oil, and the industry in general, which doesn't help its progress. As the health editor at mindbodygreen and the author of the forthcoming book CBD Oil: Everyday Secrets , I know firsthand how important it is to get the facts straight so that more people can start getting access to and benefiting from cannabis.
To begin, it's important to know that when we talk about CBD, hemp oil, marijuana, and THC, we're really talking about the cannabis plant and its derivates. Because while there are important legal differences between hemp and marijuana, when it comes to the science, hemp and marijuana are actually just two versions of the cannabis plant.
This causes a lot of confusion and it is, admittedly, confusing! Cannabinoid is a name that describes a ground of similar compounds that are found in the body called endocannabinoids , found naturally in plants called phytocannabinoids , and even made in a lab in this case they're called synthetic cannabinoids. Cannabinoids interact with a larger system in the body called the endocannabinoid system ECS , which is often described as a major regulatory system.
The ECS is responsible for the side effects good and bad of using cannabis—whether that be in the form of hemp oil, CBD oil, or smoking marijuana.
The endocannabinoid system is composed of the endocannabinoids that the body produces naturally and also a family of receptors called cannabinoid receptors.
The two cannabinoid receptors to know about are CB1 and CB2, and they explain in large part why cannabis has so many healing properties and also why THC causes intoxication while CBD does not.
Speaking of CBD and THC, it's important to know the difference between these two distinct compounds that interact with the body in very different ways. THC directly binds to CB1 receptors in the body, which are mainly found in the brain and nervous system. Once you know this, it's no big surprise to learn that this CB1 receptor activation is responsible for the "high" from smoking cannabis and that CBD does not directly bind with that receptor. Instead, CBD interacts with other receptors and pathways in the body that explain many of its specific health benefits.
CBD and THC have been described as "sister molecules" and one of the most interesting aspects of cannabinoid science is the " entourage effect, " which says that cannabinoids are more effective together than they are alone in isolated preparations.
This is part of the reason why when you're looking for cannabis products, experts recommend full-spectrum products which include some of the other cannabinoids and terpenes of the plant and to steer clear of isolates, which only contain the single compound and are generally less effective and more difficult to dose. CBD and THC get a lot of the fame, but there are actually a bunch of cannabinoids worth learning about.
Cannabinol CBN , which was actually the first cannabinoid to be discovered, is often used specifically for sleep. Other cannabinoids include cannabigerol CBG , cannabichromene CBC , and tetrahydrocannabivarin THCV , which are all of interest to doctors and researchers for their specific health benefits. Unfortunately, many of these cannabinoids have barely been studied. Cannabinoids have a wide range of health benefits, ranging from THC's pain-relieving qualities to CBD's anti-anxiety properties.
Other areas of research include cannabinoid therapy for PTSD, seizures, depression and anxiety , cancer and cancer-treatment-related symptoms , pain, and addiction especially to opioids. Most of these areas of research are in the preliminary stages, although a CBD-derived pharmaceutical drug was just approved by the FDA for seizure disorders, and THC-based drugs have been available for pain and a few other conditions for quite some time.
As research continues, we'll better understand cannabis and the health benefits of specific cannabinoids. Unfortunately, though, the way current laws are set up, it's extremely difficult to get approval to study cannabis and even more difficult and time-intensive to get high-quality plant materials to use in research.
Hopefully, as more patients ask their doctors about cannabis-based therapies and more states approve recreational and medicinal marijuana, that will change. The difference between CBD oil and hemp oil not to be confused with hemp seed oil, which is made from the sterilized seeds of the plant and doesn't have significant cannabinoid content can also be a source of confusion.
As the use of CBD oil is very new, there are still significant gaps in what we know about its effects. While we can confidently say the substance is safe and legal, its exact benefits are still an issue of hot debates and fervent research. In this article, we are putting the most important facts surrounding Cannabidiol together to cut through some of the confusion and give you a clearer picture about this new cannabinoid known as CBD. Numerous people are reporting success in using CBD to reach a desired state of calm and relaxation.
CBD is extracted and separated from specific varieties of cannabis, often known as hemp. These fears, though unfounded, are understandable to an extent, especially since the terminology surrounding CBD can be very confusing.
CBD is extracted in oil form and is often found mixed in hemp oil extracts in varying concentrations. Yes, CBD is legal worldwide a controlled substance in Canada alone. They share some characteristics but are created via different paths. We understand that there are some confusing terms related to Cannabidiol, so we wanted to take the time to explain them to you.
Below is a list of the most important terms to understand related to Cannabidiol:. In addition, scientists are staying open to the possibility of wider applications of CBD in the near future. As we strive to be the most consumer-focused provider of CBD oil in the market, we will be creating more articles to point out the most recent CBD research and all related scientific breakthroughs.
Our aim is to provide a balanced and accurate view of everything and anything related to the use of CBD, so stay tuned for more objective information about CBD and always be prepared for some critical thinking and research of your own as well.
This has led the public to often confuse them, and even the scientific community believed that CBD and THC were in fact the same substance until relatively recently. Unfortunately, there is a lot of misinformation surrounding these substances, propagated in part by interests that seek to promote one substance over the other. Without venturing too deeply into technical terms, we can say that these receptors are responsible for transmitting signals within our bodies, causing different physiological effects.
Some cannabinoids are capable of desirable effects they are beneficial to us. Currently, there are no documented studies that show undesirable effects from CBD, which is why this particular cannabinoid is legal worldwide. It is important to point out that research is still underway for many applications of CBD. THC was the first phytocannabinoid that was discovered and has been much more extensively researched than CBD.
We know with fairly high certainty that THC is strongly psychoactive and can be intoxicating even in small amounts. This means that THC can alter your behavior and cause you to lose control of your faculties, properties that make it a popular illegal recreational drug in the form of marijuana. These invaluable properties of THC have given rise to the use of marijuana for legal medical purposes. There have been certain studies that found statistically significant correlations between long-term use of THC and certain psychiatric disorders , including schizophrenia, depression, and psychosis.
However, we must note here that in scientific studies such as these, correlation does not imply causation; that is, the usage of THC might be linked to psychiatric disorders without necessarily being that root cause of them.
Much like lighters are linked to smoking, but possession of a lighter does not necessarily mean you are a smoker. The CBD vs THC debate is something that often crops up in the circles of cannabis users, and it mainly stems from misinformation that surrounds these substances.
Science is an evolving process and it pays to stay up to date, especially on new industries like CBD. First off, you should know the basics of what CBD is. Simply put, cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the cannabis plant.
Together they are responsible for the benefits and drawbacks to medical marijuana and industrial hemp-based products. But there are also several other types of cannabinoids you should know about too. There are also cannabinoids manufactured via chemical reactions in laboratories, known as synthetic cannabinoids. So now that you understand what a cannabinoid is, how does CBD work with your body?
As we just stated, the endocannabinoid system includes a number of specialized cell receptors in the brain and in various other organs throughout the body. These receptors fall into two types: CB1 receptors are found mainly in the brain but also in the liver, kidneys, and lungs , while CB2 receptors are found mainly in the immune system. As we discussed above, there are several types of cannabinoids.
Even within phytocannabinoids, there are wide ranges of compounds and effects that we are still learning about. Other cannabinoids, like CBD, have fewer direct effects on the endocannabinoid system keep this in mind as you read the next section. Cannabinoids represent a diverse class of chemical compounds that can be very different from each other. For example, arachidonoylethanolamine AEA is produced within the body and is thought to regulate several functions.
For example, CB1 receptors send signals that regulate senses, while cannabinoids that interact with CB2 receptors can at the same time affect gastrointestinal response and peripheral nervous system sensitivity. Also, since people often take numerous different cannabinoids together for example, using medical marijuana , it is hard to attribute specific effects to specific cannabinoids.
In addition, some cannabinoids interact synergistically, producing unique effects that are not found when using them individually. However, CBD does this and produces many other effects without directly interacting with the cannabinoid receptors.
At first, scientists thought there was a third type of CB receptor just for Cannabidiol, but the answer was far more interesting and revealing.
The indirect interactions of CBD with the endocannabinoid system has many effects, some of which surprised scientists and are still being researched. However, scientists are still unclear about how some effects of Cannabidiol are actually occurring. The most possible explanation is via the hypothetical GPR55 receptor, or through more indirect and synergistic effects that still await discovery.
What is CBD? The 'miracle' cannabis compound that doesn't get you high
What's the Difference Between CBD Oil from Medical Marijuana and CBD Oil from Hemp – Hemp refers to the high-growing varieties of cannabis that are. The seeds themselves have a very low percentage of CBD and almost no THC and are regulated by the Industrial Hemp Regulations (IHR). Have questions about cannabis? Here's your guide to hemp oil, CBD oil, and all the different cannabinoids.