Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae. The number of . Various types of Cannabis have been described, and variously Since the early s, Cannabis plants have been categorized by their. These hybrid varieties exhibit traits from both parental types. Autoflowering cannabis varieties have the advantage of being discreet due to their Breeding requires pollinating a female cannabis plant with male pollen. distinction between Cannabis and its two primary species — hemp Cannabis is a family of plants with two primary classifications — Indica and Sativa. the anatomy of the two plants, each have crucial differences in their.
Species) It’s Cannabis The Two (And Plant
Another thing that is interesting about the Indica medical marijuana strains is that they typically possess a higher CDB count and are lower in THC. However, unlike Indica plants, Sativa strains grow tall and thin with narrow leaves, and take both longer to grow and need more light to flourish.
While all hybrids tend to favor one parent more than the other, often times hybrid strains give patients the best of both worlds. When looking at the Solevo Wellness Menus, you may notice letters next to the strain names. Next time you check out your local Solevo menu , pay attention to the letter to the left of the strain name, it tells you the type of medical marijuana plant for that particular strain.
Still not sure which medical marijuana strains are right for you? Come on in to any of our Solevo Wellness locations , our staff is excited to help patients succeed on their medical marijuana journey. The nomenclature of Cannabis has been the object of numerous nomenclatural treatments. Linnaeus in Species Plantarum described a single species of hemp, Cannabis sativa , whereas Lamarck proposed two species of Cannabis: The dilemma about the existence of the species C.
Due to their prevalent economic interest, the nomenclatural treatment is particularly important as far as it concerns the cultivated varieties of Cannabis. In this context, we propose to avoid the distinction between sativa and indica, suggesting a bimodal approach: In contrast, Cannabis varieties named with vernacular names by medical patients and recreational users, and lacking an adequate description as required by ICNCP, should be named as Cannabis strain, followed by their popularized name and without single quotation marks, having in mind that their names have no taxonomical validity.
Depending on the taxonomical treatment adopted, 1 the genus Cannabis Hemp, Family Cannabaceae includes up to three species, each with a very long history of domestication. Plants belonging to this genus are probably indigenous to the Asiatic Continent, where they preferably grew in wet places and near water bodies.
Hemp has been used as a source of textiles, as an edible plant, 4 and as a medicinal and psychoactive plant 5 resins produced by secretory glandular trichomes. In recent times, hemp fibers have been used to produce bioplastic and antibacterial agents; moreover, the trichomes are considered as biofactories of phytochemicals with multiple biotechnological applications. For this reason, the nomenclature of Cannabis has unstable foundations and has been the object of numerous taxonomic treatments.
To fully understand the difficulties in applying a shared nomenclature to Cannabis , a digression is necessary to describe what is a species Table 1 and what means to give a name to a species. Naturals sciences rely on shared nomenclatural rules. Although this statement sounds obvious now, it was not so for centuries, until at the beginning of the 18th Century became evident that there was a need to develop efficient nomenclatural tools for handling an increasing number of organisms.
Naturalists during the 16th and 17th Centuries applied to species names that were actually short descriptions polynomial system. The tendency toward a simplification of nomenclature was already evident in the Pinax Theatri Botanici , written in by Caspar Bauhin, 7 but only in the mid of 18th century Carl von Linnaeus provided a new framework to nomenclature, recommending in his Species Plantarum 8 that each species should be designated by a nomen trivialis , formed by the union of the generic name with a single word epithet.
By the second half of 18th century, this binomial nomenclature was adopted worldwide, and the need for a set of nomenclatural rules was already raised by JB Lamarck at the end of the same Century.
As far as botany is concerned, the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature has set up the rules for naming plants starting from the International Botany Congress held in Vienna in The system proposed by the ICN is closed and hierarchically arranged Table 2. A taxonomic group of any rank generically called taxon can be considered as valid if: A type is a material on which the description of a taxon is based.
In the case of a plant species, it is generally a herbal specimen. The specimen on which the description is based is called the holotype Table 3. All nomenclatural rules included in the Code are based on the taxon system, and this architecture raises some important questions.
The hierarchical system of taxa, although the Code is scientifically neutral and provides only a series of conventional rules, is deeply rooted into evolutionary theory. Most practitioners in nomenclature consider a taxon as a monophyletic entity 14 and arrange the nomenclature according to the current opinions on plant phylogeny.
This tendency is particularly evident when new taxa are created or separated following molecular approaches, for example, DNA barcoding. It is acknowledged that the botanical entities known as cultivated varieties are a product of human selection and cannot be assimilated to wild varietates.
In contrast to these latter, cultivated varieties cultivars are a product of human activity and are not subjected to the selective pressure of the environment. Linnaeus was the first to place cultivated plants under a separated category, suggesting the adoption of different nomenclatural rules for them.
The first and foremost principle of the ICNCP is that the names of cultivated plants cannot be handled using the system of taxon, which is replaced by the culton a systematic group of cultivated plants.
Each cultivar is the product of human selection and is directed toward definite goals related to human activities. The cultivar can be reproduced and is not subjected to extinction.
The nomenclatural system of cultivars is open: The existence of cultivated and wild entities of hemp dates back to Dioscorides and passing from the physicians and botanists of the Renaissance the German botanist Leonardt Fuchs was the first to adopt the term sativa, for indicating the domesticated hemp 20 survived until the 18th Century, when Linnaeus in Species Plantarum 8 described a single species of hemp, Cannabis sativa.
Later, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck 9 proposed two species of Cannabis: Lindley, 22 who restricted Cannabis to C. Only in the second decade of 's a new species, Cannabis ruderalis , 23 was erected, whereas the reinstatement of the species C. The results seem to suggest that a polytypic concept of Cannabis cannot be ruled out. According to the authors, both varietates belonging to the subspecies sativa are common in North America, Europe, and Asia and show a limited intoxicant potential.
In contrast, the varietates of the subspecies indica have high intoxicant potential and grow mainly in the Asiatic Continent. Recently, Small 2 has proposed two possible classification of Cannabis , one based on ICP, which confirms his previous taxonomical treatment, and a new classification system for domesticated Cannabis , which is based on ICNCP and recognizes six groups of cultivars as follows:.
In addition, there are also at least two stabilized hybrid groups with intermediate characters between the four groups Table 5. This recent systematic treatment calls attention to the still existing practical difficulties of applying the International Code of Nomenclature to the genus Cannabis. Small 2 is careful in the application of the code, and this cautious attitude is the consequence of the perplexity about considering Cannabis exclusively as a cultivated plant.
The studies of last two decades suggest that Cannabis , as other crops, exists in the so called crop—weed complexes, which are formed by cultivated forms and weedy forms escaped from cultivations and growing in the wild. These latter can establish new characters and are newly under the pressures of natural selection. Thus, it seems difficult to circumscribe Cannabis solely as a cultivated plant. Hemp is a highly versatile crop, and innovators continue to jump at the opportunity to create new products from the plant.
Bronner's creates multiple personal hygiene products, PrAna is a men's hemp clothing line, and Nutiva produces hemp-seed oil. The next frontier lies in hemp-based plastics. Chemists and engineers are partnering with manufacturers to create hemp-based biocomposites that are then molded or 3D-printed into everyday items like cups, pens and eyeglasses. Both marijuana and hemp are booming industries: Medically, marijuana helps millions of Americans get their lives, bodies and minds back, while hemp has limitless potential in the industrial and agricultural arenas.
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By , it's projected that the legal cannabis market in the U.S. and There are two common types of cannabis plants: sativa and indica. In the case of a plant species, it is generally a herbal specimen. Later, Jean- Baptiste Lamarck proposed two species of Cannabis: C. sativa. Cannabis print fossils are rare (n=3 worldwide), making it difficult to determine Some Early Plant Families into Which Cannabis and Humulus Have Been . Winterschmidt recognized two species, C. sativa and Cannabis.