What is autism? Autism is a lifelong, developmental disability that affects how a person communicates with and relates to other people, and. Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that affects how people perceive the world and interact with others. Autistic people can have. Autism is a lifelong condition that affects how people communicate and interact with others. Autism affects people in different ways. But most autistic people see, .
Autism? What is
Each individual with autism will be affected by the condition in different ways. However, some difficulties are common across the autism spectrum.
It is important to note that while presenting difficulties for people with autism, the condition also enables some people with autism to have specific and unusual abilities or skills. Individuals on the autistic spectrum can have great difficulty in understanding the social rules that are the norm for the rest of us. Individuals with autism may have little or no speech and they may repeat phrases without understanding them. Frequently there is no understanding of humour.
Speech itself may sound mechanical or expressionless. Individuals can experience difficulty in understanding facial expressions or body language and might not recognise when they have lost the interest of the listener.
Those without a learning disability may have a full range of vocabulary but might still not understand the rules of taking turns to speak and listening. Misunderstandings during social times at college or at work, such as breaks and lunchtimes, can lead to bullying and anxiety.
They can appear to say what they think with no regard to how it makes the listener feel. They may learn the rules of social interaction without understanding them.
Impairment in understanding social interaction can cause substantial anxiety to people on the autism spectrum. They might experience some of the following difficulties:.
Many individuals display repetitive and idiosyncratic behaviour this is known as stereotyped behaviour.
The lives of people with autism need to be predictable and the individual may become very anxious or even aggressive if change is introduced without warning. Understanding facial expressions and body language is more difficult, and eye contact can be painful to endure. Autism often also has strengths, including accuracy, honesty and dedication. Autism is a spectrum disorder. This means that its impact ranges from moderate to severe. It affects people with and without learning difficulties.
People with autism do not look disabled. Autistic social communication is often misunderstood, and many experience anger from others, with loneliness and anxiety as a result. But some signs of autism may not be noticeable until a change of situation, such as when the child starts nursery, changes school or leaves school. See a GP or health visitor if you notice any of the signs of autism in your child, or if you're worried about your child's development.
Although you should be able to get educational, health and care support without a diagnosis of autism, getting one makes sure your child gets the right support when they need it.
See a GP if you think you may be autistic. If you're seeing a specialist doctor for other reasons, ask them to refer you for assessment of autism. If you're caring for someone with autism, it's important to look after yourself and get as much help as possible. Our guide to care and support explains your options and where you can get support. The exact cause of autism is unknown, but it's thought that several complex genetic and environmental factors are involved.
What is autism?
Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers to a broad range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and. Autism is a lifelong disability which affects the social and communication centre of the brain. Autism affects the way an individual relates to people, situations and . With support from some very talented autistic individuals at Project Ability, we have transformed our animated resource into a video bringing Sam, Lisa, Ruby.